Colonoscopy is a procedure that examines the inner lining of the large intestine (colon and rectum). A colonoscope (thin flexible tube) is used to evaluate gastrointestinal symptoms and check for ulcers, colon polyps, tumors and areas of inflammation or bleeding.
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) allows your physician to view the inside of your esophagus (food tube), stomach and duodenum (first portion of the small intestine.) When passed through the mouth, a flexible, rubber-like coated tube, called an endoscope, will provide direct visualization of these areas. The actual procedure lasts only a short time.
Capsule Endoscopy records images of the digestive tract through the use of a tiny camera inside a vitamin sized capsule that is swallowed by the patient. The pictures are transmitted to a recorder, which allows the physicians to see the small intestine, an area that is not easily accessible with a conventional endoscopy.
Bravo Endoscopy is a patient-friendly test in which a small Bravo pH gel capsule is temporarily attached to the wall of the esophagus to identify heartburn or acid reflux symptoms. The test measures pH levels in the esophagus for up to 48 hours and transmits the readings to a Bravo Receiver, which is the size of a pager worn on the belt or waistband. The patient maintains a diary of occurrences during normal daily activity including lying down, eating, heartburn and coughing. Following the test, a diagnosis and treatment plan is determined by the physician.
Esophageal Manometry is a test that shows the functionality of the esophagus. It measures the rhythmic muscle contractions that occur in the esophagus when one swallows. Abnormalities in the contractions and strength of the muscle or in the sphincter, at the lower end of the esophagus, can result in pain, heartburn and/or difficulty swallowing. This test is used to diagnose the conditions that can cause these symptoms.
Hemorrhoid Banding is a procedure performed to decrease the size of internal hemorrhoids, which can cause rectal bleeding, anal pain and itching. The physician uses a thin flexible tube with a light and camera to examine the rectum, and places rubber bands on the enlarged hemorrhoidal tissue to decrease the size of the hemorrhoids. The patient is given intravenous sedation during the procedure, which is generally tolerated.
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatogra (ERCP) enables physicians to examine the pancreatic and bile ducts. An endoscope is put through the mouth and gently moved down the throat into the stomach and the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). The small opening in the duodenum is identified, and a plastic tube is passed through the endoscope and into this opening. Dye is injected and X-rays are taken to study the ducts of the pancreas and liver.
Endoscopic Ultra Sound (EUS), allows the physician to examine the esophageal and stomach linings as well as the walls of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. EUS is also used to study the lungs, liver, gall bladder and pancreas. An endoscope (thin flexible tube with a built-in miniature ultrasound probe) is passed through the patient’s mouth or anus area for exam. Sound waves from the ultrasound are used to create visual images of the digestive tract.